λ„νŒŒλ―Ό λ””ν†‘μŠ€λΌκ³  λ“€μ–΄λ³΄μ…¨λ‚˜μš”? 우울과 λΆˆμ•ˆμ„ 쀄일 수 μžˆλŠ” ν•˜λ‚˜μ˜ λ°©λ²•μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.
제인이 λ³΄λ‚΄λŠ”
MOBI LETTER
July 24th, 2023 | Vol. 39

μ•ˆλ…•ν•˜μ„Έμš”, νšŒμ‚¬μ˜μ–΄ μ œμΈμž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.


μš”μƒˆ 제 μ£Όλ³€ λ§Žμ€ 지인이 본인을 포함해 μ•„μ΄λ“€κΉŒμ§€λ„ ν•¨κ»˜ 디지털 λ””ν†‘μŠ€ (Digital Detox)λ₯Ό ν•˜κ³  μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€. 슀크린 νƒ€μž„μ„ 쀄이기 μœ„ν•΄ νœ΄λŒ€ν°μ„ μž κ°€λ‘λŠ” 타이머가 달린 잠금 λ°•μŠ€λ₯Ό μ‚¬μš©ν•˜κΈ°λ„ ν•˜κ³  μ†Œμ…œ 앱을 μ§€μ›Œλ²„λ¦¬κΈ°λ„ ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. κ·Έ μ΄μœ λŠ” 단지 μ‹œκ°„μ„ 효율적으둜 μ“°κΈ° μœ„ν•΄μ„œλ§Œμ€ μ•„λ‹™λ‹ˆλ‹€. νœ΄λŒ€ν°μœΌλ‘œ λ³΄λŠ” 숏폼 μ˜μƒλ“€, κ²Œμž„, μ†Œμ…œ λ―Έλ””μ–΄ λ“± λ„νŒŒλ―Ό 뢄비에 μ΅œμ ν™” λ˜μ–΄ μžˆλŠ” 이것듀에 쀑독이 λ˜μ–΄ μ—¬λŸ¬ 가지 λΆ€μž‘μš©μ„ κ²ͺκ³  있기 λ•Œλ¬Έμž…λ‹ˆλ‹€. (저도 μ—¬κΈ°μ—μ„œ μžμœ λ‘­μ§€ λͺ» ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€!) κ·Έ λŒ€ν‘œμ μΈ λΆ€μž‘μš©μœΌλ‘œλŠ” 우울증, λΆˆμ•ˆ, 뢈면증이 μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€. λ„νŒŒλ―Όμ€ 우리 λ‡Œμ˜ 보상 μ²΄κ³„μ—μ„œ β€˜μƒ'에 ν•΄λ‹Ήν•˜κ³  μΎŒλ½μ„ 느끼게 ν•΄μ€λ‹ˆλ‹€. λ‡ŒλŠ” 늘 쀑심을 작고 μ‹Άμ–΄ ν•˜λŠ”λ° μ‹œμ†Œμ˜ ν•œμͺ½μΈ 쾌락 (pleasure) μͺ½μœΌλ‘œ μƒνƒœκ°€ 기울면 μ‹œμ†Œμ˜ λ°˜λŒ€μͺ½ - 고톡(pain)을 μ„Έκ²Œ μž‘λ™μ‹œν‚΅λ‹ˆλ‹€. 그리고 μ΄λ•Œ μœ„μ— μ–ΈκΈ‰ν•œ λΆ€μž‘μš©μ΄ λ‚˜νƒ€λ‚©λ‹ˆλ‹€. 그럼, 인간은 이 λΆ€μž‘μš©μ„ μ§€μš°κΈ° μœ„ν•΄ λ˜λ‹€μ‹œ μΎŒλ½μ„ μ’‡κ³  이 사이클은 κ³„μ†λ˜μ–΄ κ²°κ΅­ 쀑독에 λΉ μ§€λŠ” κ²λ‹ˆλ‹€. 

팟캐슀트 Hidden Brain의 <The Paradox of Pleasure 쾌락의 μ—­μ„€>을 κ°€μ Έμ™”μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.

게슀트: Dopamine Nation의 μž‘κ°€, 쀑독 치료 μ „λ¬Έ μ •μ‹ κ³Ό μ˜μ‚¬ Anna Lemke

🎧 <The Paradox of Pleasure 쾌락의 μ—­μ„€


1.

… This discovery was the fact that pain and pleasure are co-located in the brain. So the same parts of the brain that process pleasure also process pain, and they work like opposite sides of a balance. So almost like a seesaw.

… 이 λ°œκ²¬μ€ 고톡과 쾌락이 λ‡Œμ— ν•¨κ»˜ μœ„μΉ˜ν•œλ‹€λŠ” μ‚¬μ‹€μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€. λ”°λΌμ„œ μΎŒλ½μ„ μ²˜λ¦¬ν•˜λŠ” λ‡Œμ˜ λ™μΌν•œ 뢀뢄이 고톡을 μ²˜λ¦¬ν•˜λ©° μ €μšΈμ˜ λ°˜λŒ€μͺ½μ²˜λŸΌ μž‘λ™ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. 거의 μ‹œμ†Œμ²˜λŸΌμš”.


  • Co-located - κ³΅μ‘΄ν•˜λ‹€.

The company’s servers are co-located in the same data center. νšŒμ‚¬μ˜ μ„œλ²„λŠ” λ™μΌν•œ 데이터 센터에 곡동 λ°°μΉ˜λ˜μ–΄ μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.



2.

Exactly, like a seesaw or a teeter-totter in a kid's playground. And when that teeter-totter or that beam on a central fulcrum is level with the ground, it's at rest, or what neuroscientists call homeostasis. And when we experience pleasure, it tips one way. And when we experience pain, it tips in the opposite direction. And there are certain rules governing this balance.


And the first and most important rule is that the balance wants to remain level, that is at homeostasis.


λ§žμ•„μš”, 어린이 놀이터에 μžˆλŠ” μ‹œμ†Œμ™€ λΉ„μŠ·ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. μ‹œμ†Œμ˜ 쀑앙 λ°›μΉ¨λŒ€μ— μ–Ήν˜€ μžˆλŠ” 빔이 지면과 μˆ˜ν‰μ„ 이룰 λ•Œ, 이것은 μ‹ κ²½κ³Όν•™μžλ“€μ€ 항상성이라고 λΆ€λ₯΄λŠ” μ•ˆμ •λœ μƒνƒœμž…λ‹ˆλ‹€. 그리고 μš°λ¦¬κ°€ μΎŒλ½μ„ κ²½ν—˜ν•˜λ©΄ (μ‹œμ†Œκ°€) ν•œμͺ½μœΌλ‘œ κΈ°μšΈμ–΄μ§‘λ‹ˆλ‹€. 그리고 고톡을 κ²½ν—˜ν•˜λ©΄ λ°˜λŒ€ λ°©ν–₯으둜 κΈ°μšΈμ–΄μ§‘λ‹ˆλ‹€. 그리고 이 κ· ν˜•μ„ μœ μ§€ν•˜λŠ” λ°λŠ” λͺ‡ 가지 κ·œμΉ™μ΄ μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.

첫 번째이자 κ°€μž₯ μ€‘μš”ν•œ κ·œμΉ™μ€ κ· ν˜•μ΄ ν‰ν˜•μ„ μœ μ§€ν•˜κΈ°λ₯Ό μ›ν•œλ‹€λŠ” 것, 즉 항상성 μƒνƒœμž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.

  • Fulcrum - 물리 (μ§€λ ›λŒ€μ˜) 받침점, 지렛λͺ©

The fulcrum of this balance has shifted. 이 μ €μšΈμ˜ 쀑심좕이 λ°”λ€Œμ—ˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.


3.

And our brains will work very hard to restore a level balance after any deviation from neutrality.

그리고 우리의 λ‡ŒλŠ” μ€‘λ¦½μ—μ„œ λ²—μ–΄λ‚œ ν›„ κ· ν˜•μ„ νšŒλ³΅ν•˜κΈ° μœ„ν•΄ 맀우 μ—΄μ‹¬νžˆ λ…Έλ ₯ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

  • deviation from~ : ~ μœΌλ‘œλΆ€ν„°μ˜ μΌνƒˆ

There was little deviation from his usual routine. ν‰μ†Œ μΌκ³Όμ—μ„œ 거의 λ²—μ–΄λ‚˜μ§€ μ•Šμ•˜μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.


4.

This ancient wiring that has us experiencing pain in the immediate aftermath of pleasure is woefully mismatched for our modern ecosystem. Why? Because we are surrounded by pleasure.

쾌락의 즉각적인 μ—¬νŒŒλ‘œ 고톡을 κ²½ν—˜ν•˜κ²Œ ν•˜λŠ” 이 κ³ λŒ€μ˜ λ‡Œ κ΅¬μ‘°λŠ” ν˜„λŒ€ μƒνƒœκ³„μ—λŠ” μ•ˆνƒ€κΉκ²Œλ„ λ§žμ§€ μ•ŠμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€. μ™œ κ·ΈλŸ΄κΉŒμš”? μš°λ¦¬λŠ” 늘 μΎŒλ½μ— λ‘˜λŸ¬μ‹Έμ—¬ 있기 λ•Œλ¬Έμž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.


And now we live in a world where we all have more access to our substance or behavior of choice, whether it's vampire romance novels, or potato chips, or games, or pornography, or old-fashioned drugs like alcohol, cannabis, and nicotine. And of course, the smartphone is essentially the equivalent of the hypodermic syringe delivering digital dopamine 24-7.

이제 μš°λ¦¬λŠ” λ±€νŒŒμ΄μ–΄ 둜맨슀 μ†Œμ„€, 감자칩, κ²Œμž„, 포λ₯΄λ…Έ, μ•Œμ½”μ˜¬, λ˜λŠ” λŒ€λ§ˆμ΄ˆ, λ‹ˆμ½”ν‹΄κ³Ό 같은 ꡬ식 μ•½λ¬Ό λ“± μžμ‹ μ΄ μ›ν•˜λŠ” λ¬Όμ§ˆμ΄λ‚˜ μ²΄ν—˜μ— 더 μ‰½κ²Œ μ ‘κ·Όν•  수 μžˆλŠ” 세상에 μ‚΄κ³  μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€. λ¬Όλ‘  μŠ€λ§ˆνŠΈν°μ€ 24μ‹œκ°„ λ‚΄λ‚΄ 디지털 λ„νŒŒλ―Όμ„ κ³΅κΈ‰ν•˜λŠ” ν”Όν•˜ 주사기와 같은 역할을 ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.


  • immediate aftermath of ~ : ~의 즉각적 영ν–₯

The president visited the region in the immediate aftermath of the disaster.

λŒ€ν†΅λ Ήμ€ μž¬λ‚œ 직후 이 지역을 λ°©λ¬Έν–ˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.


5.

The smartphone totally changed things. When we combine the ancient pleasure-pain seesaw in the brain with a modern world that is ready to push hard and often on the pleasure side of the balance, we get trouble. We end up with compulsive overconsumption and all the associated problems it causes for people's health, well-being, and relationships. We also end up with a plague of depression and anxiety.


μŠ€λ§ˆνŠΈν°μ€ λͺ¨λ“  것을 μ™„μ „νžˆ λ°”κΏ”λ†“μ•˜μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€. κ³ λŒ€μ˜ 쾌락-톡증 μ‹œμ†ŒλΌλŠ” λ‡Œμ˜ κ· ν˜•μΆ”κ°€ ν˜„λŒ€ μ‚¬νšŒμ™€ λ§žλ¬Όλ¦¬λ©΄μ„œ μ’…μ’… 쾌락 μͺ½μ— 치우치게 되면 λ¬Έμ œκ°€ λ°œμƒν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. κ²°κ΅­ 강박적인 κ³Όμ†ŒλΉ„μ™€ 이둜 인해 건강, μ›°λΉ™ 및 관계에 λ¬Έμ œκ°€ λ°œμƒν•˜κ²Œ λ©λ‹ˆλ‹€. λ˜ν•œ 우울증과 λΆˆμ•ˆμ— μ‹œλ‹¬λ¦¬κ²Œ λ©λ‹ˆλ‹€.


  • Compulsive - 강박적인, 쑰절이 νž˜λ“ 

He went to a psychiatrist about his compulsive gambling. κ·ΈλŠ” 강박적인 λ„λ°•μœΌλ‘œ μ •μ‹ κ³Ό μ˜μ‚¬λ₯Ό μ°Ύμ•„κ°”μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.

  
이메일 첫 쀄뢀터 λ§‰νžˆλ‚˜μš”? 그럴 땐 도도 μ”¨μ˜ νŒμ„ μ°Έκ³ ν•΄ λ³΄μ„Έμš”! 🐱
였늘의 λͺ¨λΉ„λ ˆν„° μ–΄λ– μ…¨λ‚˜μš”? 
μ—¬λŸ¬λΆ„λ“€μ˜ μ†Œμ€‘ν•œ μ˜κ²¬μ„ λ“£κ³  μžˆμ–΄μš”! κ°μ‚¬ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€!
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